A keel balances a monohull in the water. The keel is a large flat shape with a aerodynamic leading edge. They come in six general variations: full, fin, bulb, wing, centerboard, and canting.
Builders choose whether to use a bolt-on (external) or encapsulated (internal) keel on a sailboat. Neither choice is necessarily right. The five main trade-offs are cost, maintanance, tankage, repair, and performance.
The boat bow is the leading edge of a ship. The bow pierces oncoming waves. While all styles taper laterally to a knife, their more general horizontal and vertical shapes are either clipper, spoon, raked, or plumb.
Collision requirements (colregs) require you have certain lights on during low visibility times like at night or in a fog. The running lights change based on if you are under power as well. Under sail, a boat is allowed to conserve energy by running a … Continue readingBoat Navigation Lights – Anchor, Steaming, Side, Stern Lights
Self steering keeps a boat on a course with no body at the helm. On long voyages, self steering is not a luxury but a must. It protects from boredom and corresponding fatigue. Simply put, self-steering may save you and your crews’ lives. Once setup, … Continue readingSelf-Steering Systems – Wind Vane, Wheel/Tiller, Below Deck Pilots
Rigging holds up spars. Rigging consists of forestays, backstays, shrouds. The rigging material can be either wire or rod.
Some main types are the raked, flat, canoe, and reverse.
Anchors secure a boat to the bottom. Anchors have rode (rope or chain) that runs from the anchor to the chain locker and bitter end attaching to the hull. The generally rest of a bow roller ready for deployment. Anchors come in three common types: … Continue readingBoat Anchor Types – Plow, Fluke, Claw
The way you stow your sails is an old problem dating back to the beginning of sailing. As far back as you research, sailors have experimented with various ways to facilitate head and main sail control. Lazy jacks are a good example of an ancient … Continue readingMain Sail Furling Systems – Standard, In-mast, In-boom
Anchor windlasses let out and retrieve anchors. A windlass manages the rode (chain and/or rope) which attaches the anchor to the bitter end of the hull. The windlass neatly dispenses out and draws back in the rode. The bitter end is a fixture in the … Continue readingAnchor Windlass Types – Vertical, Horizonal, Capstan